A famous victory for the workers

People in Paisley have never been afraid to fight for their rights. The roots of the most famous day in the town’s calendar lie in a historic dispute between local shawl weavers and manufacturers.

The sma’ shot was a fine weft yarn, woven into Paisley shawls by the weavers, but invisible to the naked eye of the customer – for which, the weavers went unpaid.

The weavers had long fought for this work to be recognised.

In 1856, with the weavers at the height of their power (there were more than 7,000 in the town), agreement was finally reached to pay for the sma’ shot, with a new table of prices published on 1 July.

It was custom at the time for workers to go on an annual outing one Saturday during the summer. The Paisley weavers’ practice was to take this holiday and go on a trip on the first Saturday in July. Many weaver’s wives and daughters working in the thread mills naturally asked to have their own holiday on the same day.

In 1856, the annual holiday happened three days after the sma’ shot victory. They gathered from each weaving district to the ‘tuck of the drum’ and marched with bands and banners, to the railway station, before departing with their families for destinations including the seaside, known locally as “doon the watter”.

From 1856 the annual holiday became known as Sma’ Shot Saturday—the first in July.

As the fashion for shawls declined so too did the weaver population and this traditional name was kept up by the town’s thread mill workers long after weaving had disappeared.

Modern-day celebrations

In 1904, Sma’ Shot Day was made an official Trades Holiday and remained as such until World War II.

With the introduction of a five-day week after the war, every Saturday was effectively a holiday, so Sma’ Shot Day was no longer marked.

But in 1986, with growing interest in local traditions, the hard work of the local community saw Sma’ Shot Day revived.

Traditional elements of the day include a colourful parade through town led by the Charleston Drum and the spectacular ‘Burning of the Cork’ – a symbolic burning of an effigy of the cork, or manufacturer!

In 2017, for Scotland’s Year of History, Heritage and Archaeology, the one-day festival was accompanied by a wrap-around cultural programme called ‘Weave’. Hundreds of participants and performers made their way through the streets in a dazzling depiction of Paisley’s history as a global textiles centre.

Contact

Sma’ Shot Cottages
15 Shuttle Street
Paisley
PA1 2HZ

+(0)141 889 1708

smashotcottages@outlook.com

A radical heritage

Just as the harness weaver had a draw-boy, each block printer had a tearer. These tearers were boys and girls, and if the draw-boys were a demonstrative class, the tearers were not behind them. When the day’s work was over, they issued in a stream from the orate, their hands and arms stained with all the colours of the rainbow, and they made the streets lively on the way home.

Matthew Blair
The Paisley shawl and the men who produced it, 1907

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